What is HTML ?

HTML stands for Hypertext Markup Language. It’s the standard language used to create and structure content on the web. HTML uses a system of tags and elements to define the structure and layout of web pages, including text, images, links, forms, and other multimedia elements. Browsers interpret HTML code to display web content to users.

Explain Basic Structure of HTML

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
    <title>Your Page Title</title>
</head>
<body>
    <h1>Hello, World!</h1>
    <p>This is a simple HTML page.</p>
</body>
</html>

HTML ELEMENTS

  1. Document Structure and Metadata:
    • <!DOCTYPE html>: Defines the document type and version.
    • <html>: Root element that wraps the entire HTML content.
    • <head>: Contains metadata and links to external resources.
    • <meta>: Provides metadata about the document.
    • <title>: Sets the title of the document.
    • <link>: Links to external resources like stylesheets.
    • <script>: Embeds or links to JavaScript code.
  2. Text Elements:
    • <h1> to <h6>: Headings.
    • <p>: Paragraph.
    • <span>: Inline container for styling.
    • <strong>: Strong importance.
    • <em>: Emphasized text.
    • <br>: Line break.
    • <hr>: Horizontal rule.
    • <blockquote>: Block-level quotation.
    • <q>: Inline quotation.
    • <cite>: Citation for a work.
  3. Links and Anchors:
    • <a>: Anchor for creating hyperlinks.
    • <nav>: Navigation section.
  4. Lists:
    • <ul>: Unordered list.
    • <ol>: Ordered list.
    • <li>: List item.
    • <dl>: Definition list.
    • <dt>: Definition term (within <dl>).
    • <dd>: Definition description (within <dl>).
  5. Images and Media:
    • <img>: Embeds images.
    • <figure>: Groups media content.
    • <figcaption>: Caption for <figure>.
  6. Tables:
    • <table>: Defines a table.
    • <tr>: Table row.
    • <th>: Table header cell.
    • <td>: Table data cell.
    • <thead>: Table header section.
    • <tbody>: Table body section.
    • <tfoot>: Table footer section.
    • <colgroup>: Group of columns.
    • <col>: Defines column properties.
  7. Forms and Input:
    • <form>: Form container.
    • <input>: Various input types.
    • <textarea>: Multiline text input.
    • <select>: Dropdown/select menu.
    • <option>: Option within <select>.
    • <button>: Button control.
    • <label>: Label for form elements.
    • <fieldset>: Group of related form elements.
    • <legend>: Title for <fieldset>.
    • <optgroup>: Group of options within <select>.
  8. Semantic Elements (Introduced in HTML5):
    • <header>: Header section.
    • <footer>: Footer section.
    • <main>: Main content area.
    • <article>: Self-contained composition.
    • <section>: Thematic section.
    • <aside>: Sidebar or tangentially related content.
    • <details>: Disclosure control for additional content.
    • <summary>: Summary for <details>.
    • <mark>: Highlighted text.
  9. Audio and Video:
    • <audio>: Embeds audio content.
    • <video>: Embeds video content.
    • <source>: Source for multimedia elements.
  10. Interactive Elements:
    • <a>: Anchor for creating hyperlinks.
    • <button>: Button control.
    • <details>: Disclosure control for additional content.
    • <summary>: Summary for <details>.
    • <a>: Anchor for creating hyperlinks.
  11. Meta Elements:
    • <meta>: Provides metadata about the document.
  12. Programming Elements:
    • <script>: Embeds or links to JavaScript code.
    • <noscript>: Content to display when JavaScript is disabled.
  13. Deprecated Elements:
    • Some elements have been deprecated in newer HTML versions. They should be avoided in favor of more modern alternatives.
  14. Comments:
    • <!-- Comment text -->: Comments are not visible on the webpage and are used for annotations in the HTML code.

Leave a comment